Picot

PICOT is an acronym used to help develop clinical research questions and guide you in your search for evidence:

P = Patient population

I = Intervention or issue of interest

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C = Comparison of interventions or comparison of interests

O = Outcome

T = Time frame

For example, you may wish to research if the timing of IV tubing changes affects the development of CLABSI, using this PICOT model:

In _____(P), what is the effect of _____(I) on ____(O) compared with _____(C) within ______ (T)?

In patients on the acute care medical surgical floor (P), what is the effect of changing continuous IV tubings every 96 hours (I) on the incidence of CLABSI (O) versus every changing continuous IV tubings every 48 hours (C) during a 6-month tracking period (T)?

Assignment Directions

Begin by selecting a topic in nursing or medicine that is of interest to you. Next, use PICOT to format possible research questions about that topic. Provide three possible PICOT research questions related to the chosen topic (each question will have a different direction on the same topic).

Include the following: 

  • Provide a brief description of the topic and background information.
  • Explain the significance of the topic to nursing practice.
  • Provide three clearly stated PICOT questions.

Your paper should: 

  • 3 pages
  • Use current APA Style to format your paper and to cite your sources.

 

PICOT

PICOT.

The first step of the EBP process is to develop a question from the nursing practice problem of interest.

Select a practice problem of interest to use as the focus of your research.

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Start with the patient and identify the clinical problems or issues that arise from clinical care.

Following the PICOT format, write a PICOT statement in your selected practice problem area of interest, which is applicable to your proposed capstone project.

The PICOT statement will provide a framework for your capstone project (the project students must complete during their final course in the RN-BSN program of study).

Conduct a literature search to locate research articles focused on your selected practice problem of interest. This literature search should include both quantitative and qualitative peer-reviewed research articles to support your practice problem.

Select six peer-reviewed research articles which will be utilized through the next 5 weeks as reference sources. Be sure that some of the articles use qualitative research and that some use quantitative research. Create a reference list in which the six articles are listed. Beneath each reference include the article’s abstract. The completed assignment should have a title page and a reference list with abstracts.

Suggestions for locating qualitative and quantitative research articles from credible sources:

  1. Use a library database such as CINAHL Complete for your search.
  2. Using the advanced search page check the box beside “Research Article” in the “Limit Your Results” section.
  3. When setting up the search you can type your topic in the top box, then add quantitative or qualitative as a search term in one of the lower boxes. Research articles often are described as qualitative or quantitative.

To narrow/broaden your search, remove the words qualitative and quantitative and include words that narrow or broaden your main topic. For example: Diabetes and pediatric and dialysis. To determine what research design was used, review the abstract and the methods section of the article. The author will provide a description of data collection using qualitative or quantitative methods.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

P.S I already formulate the PICOT question and started on the paper. I just won’t have time to finish it

P- Bedside report among nurses and patient

I-Giving handoff in patient’s rooms

C-Bedside shift report vs report at nurses station

O-To involve patient in their plan of care, and to effectively provide patient with safe and quality of care.

T-During patient stay in the hospital.

Question what is the effect of bedside shift report on patient care compare to traditional report outside patient room?

Laws, D., & Amato, S. (2010). Incorporating bedside reporting into change-of-shift report.

Rehabilitation Nursing, 35 (2), 70-74. doi:10.1002/j2048-7940.2010.tb00034.x

Background: Conventionally patients and their family/caregivers were not involved in the process of change of shift report. In the past, shift report has been held in each units conference room with all the nurses listening to report on every patient in the unit (Tidwell et al, 2011, p. E2). Now days, change of shift handoff is done in the patient room, usually at the computer in front of the EMR. Bedside nursing report allows the patient and nurse the opportunity to share information, ask questions, and plan individualized interventions. Methods: implementation of moving changes od shift report to the bedside. Implementing the change of report started with a pre-implementation survey to all the nurses. Nurses were provided with survey question, consisted 6 statement, and they were asked to circle all the statement they found to be true (Laws & Amato, 2010., p. 70-74). The questions were: (1) Bedside report can improve patient safety. (2) bedside report provides an opportunity for patient to discuss their plan of care (3) Bedside report violate patients confidentiality (4)Bedside report holds off going staff more accountable than taped report (5) Bedside report takes longer than taped report (6)Bedside report reassure patient that staff work as a team (Laws & Amato, 2010, p. 72). After bedside report was initiated the result showed that most of the nurses felt that bedside report had improved patient safety and satisfaction (70%) and gives patient opportunity to discuss their plan (78%) (Laws & Amato, 2010, p. 70-74). In addition, it showed less issues with inaccurate or missing information, because it includes actual patient visualization. Recommendation: the patient satisfaction was improved once reporting was done with the patient in the room. Moving the report to the bedside allows accurate information to be exchanged. It was found that bedside reporting works best at the start of the day and evening shift (Laws & Amato, p. 73).

PICOT

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